Chiara Calderone on communicative strategies in Italian Sign Language

Chiara Calderone (Ca’ Foscari University of Venice) will give a guest lecture: Could you retrieve it? sentence topics and communicative strategies in Italian Sign Language (Lingua dei Segni Italiana)

Time: May 10, 2019 at 10:15
Place: HF-bygget, seminarrom 301

Abstract: The current research investigates how old information (topic) is managed among Italian Sign Language users. Particularly, it addresses the prosodic and syntactic strategies adopted by signers in signalling shared knowledge in spontaneous communicative exchanges. The findings in LIS have shown that three types of sentence topic are distinguishable: aboutness topics, scene-setting topics and contrastive topics. All the three topic types under analysis display specific non-manual markers, which fulfil both prosodic and pragmatic functions. Focusing on aboutness topics, the retrievability of shared information (which is assumed by the signer) may affect the morpho-syntactic realizations of such a topic type. In line with other research on spoken languages (Ariel 1988, Givón 1983), the more accessible a referent is, the less phonological material is required to retrieve it. LIS seems to organize information according to the same criteria, but as a visual-gestural language, it also displays some language-specific strategies. In a scale from less accessible to more accessible information, the following referential hierarchy seems to hold true in LIS: DPs > pronouns > null (with predicate classifiers) > null (with agreement verbs) > null (with non-agreement verbs).

Vadim Kimmelman on the relevance of Sign Language

Vadim Kimmelman (UiB) will give a lecture: Why you should be interested in sign languages

Time: Friday April 26, 2019 at 13:30
Place: HF-bygget, rom 372

Abstract: Sign languages have been studied by linguists for the past 50 years. However, probably most of typological and theoretical research in linguistics still ignores sign languages, which is a big mistake. I will discuss some of the topics I worked on to show why sign language data is necessary. I will focus on two theoretical fields (information structure and argument structure), and on two methodological domains (corpora and acceptability judgments).

Interview with Helge Dyvik

CLARIN has published an extensive interview with Helge Dyvik about his involvement in INESS.

The Abkhaz National Corpus project

Paul Meurer (UiB) vil gi et seminar om følgende tema: The Abkhaz National Corpus project

Time: Friday March 29, 2019 at 10:15
Venue: HF building, room 400

The Abkhaz National Corpus is a comprehensive and open, grammatically annotated text corpus comprising more than 10 million words. It was built in a joint effort with partners in Abkazia, Georgia and Germany, where Paul Meurer was in charge of the linguistic and computational work in the project. The corpus is hosted at the CLARINO Bergen Centre.
Abkhaz is a lesser-resourced language; prior to this work virtually no computational resources for the language were available. As a member of the West-Caucasian language family, which is characterized by an extremely rich, polysynthetic morphological structure, Abkhaz poses serious challenges to morphosyntactic analysis, the main problem being the high degree of homonymy and morphological ambiguity.
In the talk it will be shown how these challenges can be met, where the main focus will be on the construction of the finite-state morphological analyzer, including the implementation of word stress, and on strategies to cope with ambiguity. The talk will conclude with a demonstration of the corpus as a tool for linguists and for learners of the language.

Er vi fokusert eller fokuserte?

Helge Dyvik (UiB) vil gi et seminar om følgende tema: Er vi fokusert eller fokuserte? Partisippenes indre kamp i bokmål.

Tid: Fredag 22. mars 2019 kl. 13:15
Sted: HF-bygget, rom 217

På nynorsk lærer vi at det heter Korleis var dei plasserte?; To demonstrantar er drepne; Bilane var skjulte bak trea, mens det på bokmål heter Hvordan var de plassert?; To demonstranter er drept; Bilene var skjult bak trærne. Den forenklede regelen er at perfektum partisipp som predikativ eller hovedverb etter være og enkelte andre verb samsvarsbøyes med subjektet i nynorsk, men ikke i bokmål. Det er likevel lett å finne unntak i tekster på begge målformer. I nynorsk (som ikke er hovedtema for dette innlegget) er samsvarsbøyningen i stor grad offisielt valgfri. For bokmål er det vanlig å si at når partisippet har etablert seg som et adjektiv, kan det samsvarsbøyes også der, som andre adjektiver (eks.: Pattedyr er mer avanserte enn vi har trodd). Spørsmålet er da når det er rimelig å si at partisippet er å betrakte som et adjektiv. I hvilken grad kan konsistente kriterier for dette abstraheres fra faktisk språkbruk i tekstene?

I dette innlegget vil jeg se nærmere på dette spørsmålet med utgangspunkt i materiale fra trebanken NorGramBank, der det kan søkes etter eksempler i utførlig syntaktisk analysert bokmålstekst på ca. 60 mill. ord. Vi skal også se på hvordan de relevante konstruksjonene analyseres i den grammatikken som er brukt i den automatiske analysen av tekstene (NorGram). NorGramBank forvaltes gjennom INESS, en del av CLARINO.

Double seminar on corpora

The research group LaMoRe will present a double seminar on corpora on Friday February 15, 2019 from 12:15 to 14:00:

12:15 Daniela Gîfu: An Insight into the Romanian Lexical Resources RODICA & CoRoLa
Two different corpora on Romanian will be presented: (1) CoRoLA – Contemporary Romanian Language, and (2) RODICA – ROmanian DIachonic Corpus with Annotations. Insights will be given in their construction and use. See also the NLP resources at UAIC.

13:15 Seong Cho: Development and Annotation of a Corpus on Rumors and Speculations
The aim of this research is identifying rumors and speculations in the news that indicate that an acquisition event might occur in the future, e.g. “Apple is thinking about acquiring Tidal” and “Apple might acquire Tidal”. An approach toward annotation of a corpus with such sentences will be presented.

Room HF 400 (fourth floor, HF-bygget)

Guest researcher from Romania

Daniela GifuDaniela Gîfu, associate professor at “Alexandru Ioan Cuza” University of Iași, is on a visit to Bergen. She currently does research and teaches in computational linguistics and language technology. She also has a background in media and journalism, with a focus on political discourse. She is vice-president of the Union of Professional Journalists and is also an acclaimed author of poetry and essays. She will stay until the end of February 2019. Daniela will briefly present herself and her work on Thursday Jan. 31 from 11:15 to 12 at HF:326. [link to pdf of presentation]

This research visit is funded by the Romanian Ministry of Research and Innovation within Program 1 – Development of the national RD system, Subprogram 1.2 –Institutional Performance – RDI excellence, Contract no. 34PFE.